Baltic states


The biggest country of the three, both in terms of its area and population, is Lithuania. It is also the southernmost of the Baltic countries. All three Baltic States are members of the EU and NATO, and share the common EU currency, the Euro.

Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania, with Riga the capital of Latvia, and Tallinn the capital of Estonia. And each of these capitals share a particular privilege - their respective Old Towns are all listed on the UNESCO World’s Heritage List.


Despite the fact that each country has its own national language and the majority of residents communicate in it, English is widely understood especially among young people and at service enterprises. However locals will appreciate if you learn some of the most common words, such as “thank you” or “hello” in their native language.


Most Lithuanians are Catholics, while Latvians are predominantly Lutherans, and Estonians are mostly Evangelical Lutherans. Lithuanians are also known as Europe’s last pagans, having been the final European country to convert to Christianity from their pre-Christian Baltic religion.


The Euro is the national currency in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Although don’t worry if you come with your national currency to any of the Baltic countries. You can easily change the currency at one of the exchange offices and often the rate will be more attractive than in your country. Most exchange offices are located in tourist areas and shopping malls and exchange is absolutely safe in terms of robbery and fraud.


Public transport is widely developed in capitals and all major cities, it is modern and convenient. However, it could be tough to get to certain golf clubs and tourist attractions attractions.

Taxi services are usually inexpensive. You can catch your cab at one of many designated places as well as using mobile application like Bolt or Yandex Taxi. Catching a cab onto the streets is not common and will cost you more money.


Baltics countries are definitely safe place. In fact it is safer there than anywhere else in Europe.

Of course, like everywhere, things like petty theft are more common in crowdy tourists areas, so just be sure to keep an eye on your belongings while walking through the Riga Old Town. Like everywhere else in the world, wearing a money belt or something similar will prove more inconvenient than helpful and is altogether unnecessary in the Baltics. 


The Lonely Planet has recently likened a trip to the Baltic States to a fairy tale, thanks to the abundance of enchanting castles, dunes, forests and lakes. The Lonely Planet has recently likened a trip to the Baltic States to a fairy tale, thanks to the abundance of enchanting castles, dunes, forests and lakes. And the pristine nature in these beautiful northern lands tells it own fairy tale every year – the tale of four very distinct seasons. In winter, you can enjoy still, snow-covered landscapes and warming retreats into cavernous old town bars. In spring, the vegetation awakes and the birds return, the forests and meadows bursting with vibrant colour. Summers in the Baltics are perfect for enjoying a wide range of outdoors pursuits on days when the sun never seems to set. And in autumn you can enjoy nature’s bounty tasting mushrooms and berries on golden woodland walks.


The cuisine of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania is heavily based on seasonality and the countries’ location in Northern Europe. Traditionally, food in the Baltics has been hearty fare such as meat and potatoes flavored with garlic, herbs, and little else. As the counties have evolved in the years since Communism fell, their cuisine has, too. The staples continue to play an important (and delicious!) role, and there is a wider variety of options in traditional and modern restaurants than ever before.